Alphabet

Georgian alphabet is one of 14 existing in the modern world. The ancient manuscripts in Georgian language are understandable for present Georgians without translation. Georgian alphabet consists of 33 symbols (5 vowels and 28 consonants). Literacy and letter writing manner are absolutely unique and can not be compared to any known alphabet in the world. The writing of the Georgian language has progressed through three forms, known by their Georgian names: Asomtavruli, Nuskhuri, and Mkhedruli. They have always been distinct alphabets, even though they have been used together to write the same languages, and even though these alphabets share the same letter names and collation. Although the most recent alphabet, Mkhedruli, contains more letters than the two historical ones, those extra letters are no longer needed for writing modern Georgian.

 Scholars believe that the creation of an Old Georgian alphabet was instrumental in making religious scripture more accessible to the Georgians. This happened in the 4th or 5th century, not long after conversion. The oldest uncontested example of Georgian writing is an Asomtavruli inscription from 430 AD in a church in Bethlehem.but in1990s and in 2000-2003 under the leadership of Academician Levan Chilashvili  as the result of the works, obtained materials  (Bc I-III) Provide an opportunity to assert that the Georgian alphabet must have been created earlier. Some scholars believe that it appeared long before the Christian epoch, while others relate its appearance to  the establishment of the Christian religion.

  1. Asomtavruli letters
  2. Nusakha khutsuri letters     
  3. Mkhedruli  (Modern)letters
  4. Latin Letters
  5. Numerical Values