In the south of Georgia you will find the provinces of Meskheti and Javakheti . The region is dotted with castles and fortresses from different periods. The jewel in the crown of this fascinating region is surely the cave town of Vardzia.
Vardzia is a huge cave complex that once consisted of some 3000 caves and could house around 50,000 people. It was built during the reign of Queen Tamar, a great ruler of 12th century Georgia. Vardzia is a place of wonders - artfully carved caves connected by long tunnels. The cave town survived earthquakes and invasions and once again houses a working monastery.
Sapara ("Hidden") Monastery lives up to its name. Until you reach the very gates you barely notice this 13th century complex, nestled as it is high above a gorge in forested mountains. A visit to the monastery will also reward you with nice views of the surroundings.
Borjomi mineral-spa town
Borjomi mineral-spa town was renowned in the 19th century as the playground of the Russian nobility and several attractive buildings still remain from that era, notably the Summer Palace of Duke Mikhail Romanov. Today Borjomi is a popular resort and the centre of a nature reserve of dense forests harboring hundreds of varieties of plant and animal species. The town is also famous for its mineral water "Borjomi".
Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park
The Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park is supported by WWF. It lies in central Georgia and is the one of the largest parks in Europe. Alongside with flora and fauna, the area is also rich in historical monuments.
Bakuriani Ski Resort
Bakuriani Ski Resort is located at 1800m above sea level. Favourable climate and fir and pine woods make Bakuriani a popular resort. One can see here the Botanical Gardens with over 800 species covering 17 hectares. A pleasant walk to Mt Kokhta (2100m) will allow you to see some highest peaks of the Caucasus (Mt Elbrus 5642m, Mt Shkhara 5068m, Mt Kazbegi 5047m, Mt Ushba 4700, ) and the biblical Mt Ararat (5165m).
The Abastumani Observatory
The Abastumani Observatory is the first mountain observatory in the former Soviet Union, located high up amongst steep hills at 1650m. Here through the powerful telescope you can clearly see the surface of the Moon and even of Saturn and Jupiter.